Dao Cao Dai (Caodaism in English)

Tư liệu thuyế minh Đạo Cao Đài bằng tiếng Anh - Tg Lê Hùng Cường

Dao Cao Dai (Caodaism in English) is the third largest religion in Vietnam 🇻🇳 (After Buddhism & Roman Catholicism). "Cao" means "high", "Dai" means "Palace". Cao dai refers to the supreme palace where God reigns - that is the kingdom of Heaven. The word is also used as God's symbolic name.
🇻🇳 Caodaism is a synergistic religion which combines elements from many of the world's main religions, including Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Hinduism 🕉 , Islam, Judaism, Taoism, as well as Geniism, an indigenous religion of Vietnam 🇻🇳
Their main religious center is in Tay Ninh. About 100km from Saigon, North West of Saigon. They currently have 7 - 8 million followers in Vietnam 🇻🇳 and about 30,000 members elsewhere, primary in Asia, Australia 🇦🇺, Canada 🇨🇦, Europe 🌍, and 🗽


They regard the history of religion as being devided into three periods of Revelation. The first was eirea 2500 B.C.E, when God inspired selected religious leaders to found Judaism in the middle East, Hinduism in India 🇮🇳, and Yi King (philosophy of transformation) in China 🇨🇳.
A few thousand year later, God led the Buddha to found Buddhism, Lao Tse to create Taoism, Confucious to star Confucianism, and Jesus Christ to found Christianity.
They believe that, due to the frailty of those religious leaders, the trurh became distorted. A number of religions were formed but most flourished only in or near their countries origin. Religion became adapted to the needs of individual cultures. Limitations in communication and transportation prevented the formation embrace. Followers of Caodaism believe that God was concerned that the multiplicity of religions prevented people from living together in harmony.
At the end of the year At Suu (1926 CE) Cao Dai instructed a small group of mediums, Le Van Trung was named by God to be getting Giao Tong ( Pope). Caodaism was formally founded on 1926 Sep, 26 by a group of 247 disciples.
A small movable platform a ouija boad which is lightly touched by two or more mediums. During a S' ance, the platform is seen to move around the board and point to various letters, numbers and words.
A small table which the mediums touch lightly. During a s' ance, the table is observed to tip and tap on the floor. The number of taps would indicate a specific letter
🇻🇳 a Ngoc Co (basket with beak), which consists of a wicker basket with a radianting stick about 26 inches long, a pen writes out messages which are interpreted by a third person and written down by a secretary. This is a very effecient method of communication, because words are directly written. It is the preferred method used in Caodaism
With the unification of Vietnam 🇻🇳 in 1975, the Caodaist's activities were restricted by the communist government. Their Cuu Trung Dai ( excutive body) and Hiep Thien Dai ( legislative body) were abolished and replaced with a government council under the direct control of the government inteference .
A new order downed in mid 1997, when the religion received official sanction from the government

🇻🇳 Beliefs 🇻🇳 

In the beginning was God, formless, nameless, unchangeable, and all powerful. God divided His spirit into many parts, and created the universe, wolrd, and its plants, animals and material components, each contains a part of God's spirit.
* Animals & humans have two components
- A visible, physical body, and
- An invisible component which is composed of
+ A spirit (concience) which is part of God's spirit and
+ A soul ( or perispirit) which is responsible for emotions and personality.
* They believe in reincarnation where a person experiences a series of lives. One can break free of the reincarnation cycle by "cultivating self and finding God in self".
* They believe in Karma. The belief that one's future lives are greatly influenced by deeds practiced in this life.
* If a person accumulates excessive negative Karma they will live another life after their death. Large mount of Karma debt will cause them to be reincarnated onto another planet which is much colder, darker, miserable. If they have purified themselves spiritually, and fuffield all of their duties, they may reincarnate to another, happier life on earth

🇻🇳 Practices 🇻🇳 

Members are instructed in their responsibilities to self, family, society and all of humanity. Separation from honors, riches, and luxury is promoted.
Caodaists worship and adore God, venerate superior and spirit and worship their ancestors
Within Caodaism, there are two sects:
@) Exoterism: in which one's duties (, while conducting a normal family life) are to
+ Practice good and avoid evil
+ Show kindness to humans, other species, plants and nature
Follow the Confucian
- three duties (between king & citizens, father & child, husband and wife) and
- Five virtues: (humanity, obligation, a vility, knowledge, reliability)
@) Estorism, practiced by the Chieu Minh Vo Vi sect which:
+ Practice meditation
+ Practice "eradication of the inferior self", and develop the divine element

🇻🇳 🇻🇳 🇻🇳 At their altal, they worship 

- God as symbolised by the divine Eye
- Sakyamuni who represents Buddhism
- Lao Tse who represents Taoism
- Jesus Christ who represents Christianity
- Confucious who represents Confucianism
- Khuong Thai Cong who represents Geniism
They venerate statues of Li Tai Pe (representing Taoism), Quan Am Bo Tat (representing Buddhism) and Quan Thanh De Quan (representing Confucianism), these are considered the three "lord of earth"
(@) They recognize three saints
+ Sun Yat Sen (1866 - 1925) leader of the Chinese revolution 0f 1912
+ Victor Hugo (1802 - 1885) French Poet and Author
+ Trang Trinh ( 1492 - 1587) Vietnamese Poet and Prophet.
Followers are expected to follow three rules
- Pray at least once per day, at 6Am, noon, 6Pm, and midnight.
- Eat from a vegetarian diet at least 10 days each month
- Observe five interdictions
+ Do not kill living beings
+ Do not be dishonest
+ Do not commit adultery
+ Do not get drunk
+ Do not sin by word.
Caodaism recognised 9 ranks of members : pope, censor cardinal, cardinal, Archbishop, priest, student priest, subdigitarian, and followers. Women are limited to level of Cardinal & bellow

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