Turkish coffee Coffee comes from a red seed (bean) of the coffee plant, a tropical plant that grows
about as high as a man. The second most popular hot drink in the world after tea, it is made from
water brewed in roasted and ground coffee beans. Coffee has 800 to 1,200 flavor components. Its
attractions are its taste and the pick-me-up from the stimulant caffeine. [Source: Ethel Starbird,
National Geographic, March 1981 [└];
A person who drinks two cups of coffee a day, consumes the annual harvest of 18 coffee trees. To
make good coffee you should: 1) make sure the coffee pot is clean; 2) uses fresh or freshly ground
coffee and cold water; 3) use the maximum capacity of the coffee maker; 4) measure accurately, two
tablespoons for six ounces of water; 5) find the extract time to produce the best coffee; 6) never
allow the coffee to boil; 7) serve as soon as possible after brewing; 8) follow any special institutions
provided by the manufacturer.
Top Producing Countries of Green Coffee: (Production, $1000; Production, metric tons in 2008,
FAO): 1) Brazil, 2286655 , 2796927; 2) Viet Nam, 872663 , 1067400; 3) Colombia, 563037 , 688680;
4) Indonesia, 558342 , 682938; 5) Peru, 223831 , 273780; 6) Ethiopia, 223520 , 273400; 7) Mexico,
217321 , 265817; 8) India, 214200 , 262000; 9) Guatemala, 203256 , 248614; 10) Uganda, 173098 ,
211726; 11) Honduras, 155448 , 190137; 12) Costa Rica, 87757 , 107341; 13) Philippines, 79653 ,
97428; 14) El Salvador, 73417 , 89801; 15) Côte d'Ivoire, 65404 , 80000; 16) Papua New Guinea,
61644 , 75400; 17) Nicaragua, 59458 , 72727; 18) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), 58864 ,
72000; 19) Madagascar, 54776 , 67000; 20) Thailand, 41239 , 50442
Robustas and Arabicas
- Robusta Most coffees fall into two categories: 1) slightly bitter robustas made with robusta beans,
traditionally produced mostly in Asia and Africa; 2) and milder arabicas made with arabica beans,
traditionally produced primarily from Latin America. These days both robustas and arabicas are
produced all over the world.
- Arabicas are regarded as the best quality. They have a smooth flavor and low acidity and are ideal
for premium coffees, espresso and gourmet coffees. They are used in many of Starbucks’
concoctions. Roasting companies use them to soften their commercial brands.
- Robusta beans are regarded as lower quality. Used to make instant coffee and espresso, they are
often exported as green beans, which grinders like Nestles and Sara Lee used mainly to make
instant coffee, supermarket canned coffee and packaged coffee drinks. Robustas contain almost
twice as much as caffeine as arabica beans. They have twice as much caffeine as arabicas. A
typical cup of robusta coffee has 150 milligrams of caffeine while a typical cup of arabica coffee has
70 to 100 milligrams of caffeine
Types of Coffee
- Espresso (literally "pressed out") is very strong coffee served in little cups and made with a
completely different process than that used for normal percolated or brewed coffee. It is made
passing water rapidly through packed coffee grounds at high pressure, which causes the oils and
other products in the coffee to be more fully extracted. The result is a coffee with a much stronger
and richer flavor. A cup of espresso typically contains1.5 to 2.0 ounces of liquid, much less than a
typical cup of brewed coffee but has about the same amount of caffeine as a cup of arabica coffee.
- Cappuccino is a frothy mix of coffee and milk made with a special machine. It is made by adding a
shot of espresso with milk and blowing it into a froth. Other European coffee drinks---such as caffe
macchiato , coffee with a drop of milk, caffe latte , coffee with a lot of milk, and caffe correcto , coffee with brandy---and also made with a shot of espresso.
Real mocha from Yemen and real java from Indonesia were originally arabicas produced in the
places they were named after, but today real mocha is practically non existent and the coffee beans
grown on Java now are disease-resistant robustas introduced after leaf rust wiped out many of the
island's arabicas plants about 30 years ago. The javas and mochas you see in the coffee stores are
high grade arabicas grown elsewhere. 20120527-coffeelady ethiopia.jpg
coffee lady in Ethiopia
Coffees are then described their country of origin or a region within the county. They sometimes
given catchy names or described as "low-grown” or "high grown"; Dark roasted coffees have been
roasted a longer time. They have less caffeine.
Kopi Luwak is said to be the world's rarest and most expensive coffee. It is brewed from beans
hand-picked from civet dropping. Civets are tree';dwelling nocturnal animals that resemble a cross
between a weasel and a leopard. They have a special gland that produces a scent coveted in the
perfume industry. A cup of Kopi Luwak sold at Australia's Heritage Tea Rooms goes for $42 a cup.
The estimated global production of Kopi Luwak is only around 300 kilograms.

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